Articulation is the process by which sounds are formed when your tongue, jaw, teeth, lips, and palate alter the air stream coming from the vocal folds. Sounds are learned in an orderly sequence. Some sounds, such as "p," "m," and "b," are learned as early as 1 year of age. Other sounds, like "s," "r,' and "l," often are not completely mastered until the early school years. Children should make all the sounds of English by 8 years of age but many children learn these sounds much earlier.
Someone has an articulation problem when he or she produces sounds, syllables or words incorrectly so that listeners do not understand what is being said. An articulation problem sometimes sounds like baby talk because many very young children do mispronounce sounds, syllables, and words. But words that sound cute when mispronounced by young children interfere with the communication of older children or adults.
Misarticulation haveis not any type of physical disorder ,it is a bad habit so its may be recover 100%. But need of proper speech therapy.
Articulation problems may result from a hearing impairment. Children learn their speech sounds by listening to the speech around them. This learning begins very early in life. If children have frequent ear infections during this important listening period and subsequently suffer from glue ear, they may fail to learn some speech sounds.
Articulation problems may also be related to a weakness of the oral muscles.
A child with an articulation disorder needs speech therapy. Without treatment, a child may struggle with lifelong vocational, learning, emotional and social problems.
For many children the cause of oral or motor dysfunction articulation disorder comes from from brain damage or neurological dysfunction. For other children, however, there is no clearly identifyable cause. Articulation problem may result from a hearing impairment.
Any child and adult have misarticulation problem (tutlana),he need a proper speech therapy and taught and how to correct use of speech organs for speaking the correct word.
Children may mispronounce sounds until the age of eight years. Parents can facilitate pronunciation of speech sounds by providing many opportunities for the child to hear and say the sound correctly. Since hearing affects sound acquisition, be sure to have your child's hearing screened regularly.